• blends, segments, and manipulates individual sounds within words
    • uses knowledge of phonics and word analysis skills including spelling-sound correspondence, blends and digraphs, final-e words, and r-controlled vowels, etc. to decode words
    • reads grade-level texts fluently and accurately
    • identifies and describes main story elements
    • identifies and explains the moral of a story
    • explains who is telling the story using context clues
    • identifies stanzas and line breaks in poems
    • uses text features (ex. titles, headings, captions, graphs, maps, glossaries, illustrations) to demonstrate understanding
    • identifies the topic and details
    • explains the similarities and differences between information provided in visuals and words
    • identifies an author’s opinion(s) about the topic
    • identifies and explains descriptive words and phrases
    • retells a text, speaking or writing, to enhance comprehension, using main story elements at the beginning, middle, and end for literature and topic and important details for informational text
    • compares and contrasts two texts on the same topic



    • prints all upper- and lowercase letters
    • engages in collaborative discussions
    • uses appropriate voice and tone when speaking and writing
    • cites evidence to explain and justify reasoning
    • presents information orally using complete sentences and appropriate volume
    • writes detailed narratives, opinions, and expository products
    • improves writing by planning, revising, and editing
    • follows the rules of standard English grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling appropriate to the grade level (students are expected to use conventions from previous years):
         capitalizes proper nouns
         forms and uses simple verb tenses by adding the affix -ed
         forms and uses complete simple sentences
         uses possessive
         uses subject-verb agreement in simple sentences
    • participates in research to gather information to answer a question about a single topic



    • identifies and uses base words and their common inflections in grade-level content
    • identifies and uses picture clues, context clues, word relationships, reference materials, and/or background knowledge to determine the meaning of unknown words
    • uses grade-level academic vocabulary appropriately in speaking and writing


    Ideas for Helping Your Child at Home

    • Read to and with your child using a variety of texts
    • Provide writing tools: paper, crayons, pens, pencils, chalkboard/ whiteboard
    • Encourage discussions at mealtimes, in the car


    Number Sense and Operations

    • starting at a given number, count forward and backwards within 120 by one, within 20 by 2’s, within 100 by 5’s
    • reads numbers from 0 to 100 written in the standard form, expanded form, and word form , writes numbers from 1-100 using standard and expanded form
    • composes and decomposes two-digit numbers in multiple ways using tens and ones (demonstrates with objects, drawings, and expressions or equations)
    • plots, orders, and compares whole numbers to 100
    • recalls addition facts with sums to 10 and related subtraction facts with automaticity
    • adds and subtracts two whole numbers from 0 to 20 with procedural reliability
    • identifies the number that is 1 more, 1 less, 10 more, 10 less than a given two-digit number
    • explores the addition of a two-digit number and a one-digit number with sums to 100
    • explores subtraction of a 1-digit number from a 2-digit number


    • partitions circles and rectangles into 2 and 4 equal sized parts, names the parts of the whole using appropriate language including halves and fourths.

    Algebraic Reasoning

    • applies properties of addition to find a sum of three or more whole numbers
    • solves addition and subtraction real-world problems using objects, drawings, or equations to represent the problem
    • restates a subtraction problem as a missing addend problem using the relationship between addition and subtraction
    • determines and explains if equations involving addition or subtraction are true or false
    • determines the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation, relating three whole numbers, with the unknown is any position  


    • estimates the length of an object to the nearest inch, measures the length of an object to the nearest inch or centimeter
    • compares and orders the length of up to three objects using direct and indirect comparison
    • uses analog and digital clocks to tell and write time in hours and half-hours
    • identifies pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters and expresses their values using the ¢ symbol, states how many of each coin equal a dollar
    • finds the value of combinations of pennies, nickels, and dimes up to one dollar, and the value of combinations of one, five, and ten dollar bills up to $100, uses the ¢ and $ symbols appropriately

    Geometric Reasoning

    • identifies, compares, and sorts two- and three-dimensional figures based on their defining attributes (figures are limited to circles, semi-circles, triangles, rectangles, squares, trapezoids, hexagons, spheres, cubes, rectangular prisms, cones, and cylinders)
    • sketches tw0-dimensional figures when given defining attributes (figures are limited to triangles, rectangles, squares, and hexagons)
    • composes and decomposes two- and three- dimensional figures (figures are limited to semi-circles, triangles, rectangles, squares, trapezoids, hexagons, cubes, rectangular prisms, cones, and cylinders)
    • given a real-world object, identifies parts that are modeled by two- and three- dimensional figures (figures are limited to semi-circles,, triangles, rectangles, squares, and hexagons, spheres, cubes, rectangular prisms, cones and cylinders

    Data Analysis and Probability

    • collects data into categories and represents the results using tally marks or pictographs
    • interprets data represented with tally marks or pictographs by calculating the total number of data points and comparing the totals od different cateories
    • orders three objects by length; compare the lengths of two objects indirectly by using a third object
    • finds and expresses the length of an object as a whole number of length units
    • tells and writes the time in hours and half-hours using analog and digital clocks
    • organizes, represents, and interprets data with up to three categories
    • asks and answers questions about the total number of data
    • understands how to use a ruler to measure length to the nearest inch
    • identifies and combines values of money in cents up to one dollar working with a single unit of currency
    • relates the value of pennies, dimes, and quarters to the dollar (e.g., there are 100 pennies, 10 dimes, or 4 quarters to the dollar)


    • distinguishes between defining attributes such as closed and three-sided versus non-defining attributes such as color, orientation, size)
    • composes two-dimensional shapes or three-dimensional shapes to create a composite shape


    Ideas for Helping Your Child at Home

    • Engage your child in solving problems encountered daily
    • Have your child “teach” you the various addition and subtraction strategies she/he uses to solve basic addition and subtraction facts
    • Play thinking games that involve strategies with your child such as checkers, Connect Four, card games, and so on
    • Discuss the relationship of numbers as opportunities arise – for example, ages, the number of cupcakes needed for class celebrations, and so on



    The Nature of Science

    • raises  questions   about   the   natural world, investigates   them   in   teams   through   free exploration, and generates appropriate explanations based on those explorations
    • uses the five senses as tools, makes careful observations, describes objects in terms of number, shape, texture, size, weight, color, and motion, and compares their observations with others
    • keeps records as appropriate-such as pictorial and written records-of investigations conducted
    • asks “how do you know? In the appropriate situations

    Earth and Space Science

    • observes and discuss that there are more stars in the sky than anyone can easily count and that they are not scattered evenly in the sky
    • investigates how magnifiers make things appear bigger and help people see things they could not see without them
    • identifies the beneficial and harmful properties of the Sun
    • describes the need for water and how to be safe around water

    Life Science

    • makes observations of living things and their environment using the five senses
    • identifies the major parts of plants, including stem, roots, leaves, and flowers
    • differentiates between living and nonliving things
    • through observation, recognizes that all plants and animals, including humans, need the basic necessities of air, water, food, and space

    Physical Science

    • sorts objects by observable properties, such as size, shape, color, temperature (hot or cold), weight (heavy or light), texture, and whether objects sink or float
    • demonstrates and describes the various ways that objects can move, such as in a straight line, zigzag, back and forth, round and round, fast and slow
    • demonstrates that the way to change the motion of an object is by applying a push or pull


    Ideas for Helping Your Child at Home

    • Send your child on a magnet hunt, searching for magnets being used in a variety of ways throughout the house. Magnets can be found in unusual places: paper clip holders, cupboard door catches, flashlight holders, handbag clasps, magnetized strips on bank cards, and so on
    • Have your child place some soil in a small Make sure it has light and water. Observe the soil daily for signs of growth. Perhaps there were weed seeds hidden below the soil
    • Have your child draw things they observe providing Discuss with them
    • Discuss the basic needs of different plants and animals they observe


    American History

    • understands and asks questions when examining primary sources
    • compares lives from the past to present
    • uses chronological thinking by sequentially ordering events and creating timelines


    • identifies key elements of maps and globes
    • constructs simple maps
    • uses maps and globes to locate hometown, Brevard County, Florida, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Gulf of Mexico


    • recognizes money is used for exchanging goods and services
    • distinguishes between buyers, sellers, and producers of goods and services
    • recognizes the importance of saving money

    Civics and Government

    • explains the purpose of rules and laws and people who have the power and authority to enforce them
    • describes characteristics of responsible citizenship
    • recognizes symbols and individuals that represent the United States Constitution and democracy


    Ideas for Helping Your Child at Home

    • Visit important buildings in the community and discuss why they are needed (voting, city hall, tax collector, etc.)
    • Read the informational text with your child
    • Collect family stories and share your family history
    • Discuss current events with your child